Floods have been recognized as potentially undermining Europe’s drive towards sustainable development. Directive 2007/60/EC on the assessment and management of flood risks (the European Floods Directive) aims to manage the risks that floods pose to human health, the environment, cultural heritage and economic activity.
Malta has long since acknowledge the importance of managing the local impacts arising from uncontrolled street surface runoff as a result of intense rainfall events. In this regard, the Storm Water Master Plan (SWMP) was adopted in 2008. The SWMP identified the main priority areas and proposed a number of engineering proposals for the management of the surface runoff.
As part of the national strategy to address these flooding problems, Malta embarked on a National Flood Relief Project (NFRP). The objectives of NFRP are to reduce the risks to life and property and control damages caused by uncontrolled surface water runoff. The NFRP is targeting the four most important priority areas identified in the SWMP. A copy of the project description statement of the NFRP is available here.
Malta was required by the Assessment and Management of Flood Risks Regulations (2010) to prepare a Preliminary Flood Risk Assessment (PFRA). The PFRA report is based on the readily available information presented in the SWMP and NFRP. The assessment was undertaken as a broad scale and strategic flood risk assessment of local sources of flooding and is not intended to be used to identify individual properties that may be at risk of flooding. The PFRA is available here.