Aircraft

EU EMISSIONS TRADING SCHEME – AIRCRAFT OPERATORS

Directive 2003/87/EC as amended by Directive 2008/101/EC requires aircraft operators that perform flights which depart from or arrive at an aerodrome situated in the territory of a Member State of the European Union to comply with requirements under the EU ETS, unless exempted pursuant to the criteria set out in the Directive.

Scope – Annex I to the EU ETS Directive.

If you are an aircraft operator, you can determine whether your organisation falls within the scope of the EU ETS on the basis of Annex I to the EU ETS Directive.  Detailed guidance on interpreting Annex I in so far as it relates to aviation activities may be found in Decision 2009/450/EC.

The Directive provides for one EU Member State to be responsible for administering each aircraft operator participating in the EU ETS.  Maltais the administering MemberStatein respect of:

a)  an aircraft operator with a valid operating licence granted by the civil aviation authorities of Malta (Civil Aviation Directorate – Transport Malta);

and

b)  an operator that either holds an operating licence issued by a state that is not an EU Member State or that does not require an operating licence to perform aviation activities, and for whomMaltahas been identified as being the EU Member State with the greatest attributed emissions from flights performed by that aircraft operator in the base year.  For an aircraft operator that started operating to/from the European Union after 1 January 2006, the base year is the first calendar year of operation; for an operator that started operations in the Community before 1 January 2006, the base year is the calendar year starting on 1 January 2006.

The European Commission publishes, on an annual basis, a list of aircraft operators which operated an activity listed in Annex I on or after 1 January 2006, specifying the administering Member State for each aircraft operator.  Information relating to the list of aircraft operators can be accessed here.

It is important to note however, that if your organization is not on the list it does not necessarily mean that your organization does not fall within scope of the EU ETS.  If you are not on the list but do perform an aviation activity as listed in Annex I, then you are required to meet all relevant obligations set out by the EU ETS Directive.

Allocation process – auctioning and benchmarking

The total quantity of allowances – the cap on emissions – available for all aviation operators falling within scope of the system is determined according to modalities set out in the Directive.

For the year 2012, the total quantity of allowances shall be equivalent to 97% of the average of the annual emissions in 2004, 2005 and 2006 from aircraft performing an aviation activity listed in Annex I.  For the period 2013 – 2020, the cap shall be equivalent to 95% of the average of the annual emissions in 2004, 2005 and 2006 from aircraft performing an aviation activity listed in Annex I.

Allocation of allowances to aircraft operators is partly free on the basis of benchmarking and partly through auctioning (15% of total allowances will be auctioned for the periods 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2012 and for the period commencing 1 January 2013).

Free allocation of allowances is not automatic – it is subject to application in accordance with provisions in the directive.  The initial free allocation process for the years 2012 and 2013-2020 has now been concluded.  The following are the free allocations, for the two periods, as determined for those operators falling underMalta’s administration responsibility who have applied for free allowances:

Aircraft Operator

Allocation for period 1st January 2012 to 31st December 2012: allocation per annum

Allocation for period 1st January 2012 to 31st December 2012:

total allocation

Air Malta p.l.c.

211 617

211 617

Comlux Aviation Malta

713

713

Aircraft Operator

Allocation for period 1st January 2012 to 31st December 2012: allocation per annum (pursuant to Decision 377/2013/EU stop-thee-clock derogation)

Allocation for period 1st January 2012 to 31st December 2012:

total allocation

Air Malta p.l.c.

197 069

197 069

Comlux Aviation Malta

95

95

Aircraft Operator

Allocation for period 1st January 2013 to 31st December 2020: allocation per annum

Allocation for period 1st January 2013 to 31st December 2020:

total allocation

Air Malta p.l.c.

199 939

1 599 512

Comlux Aviation Malta

674

5 392

Pursuant to the adoption of amendments to the EU ETS Directive providing for an intra-EEA compliance scope for the years 2013 to 2016, in view of the implementation by 2020 of an international agreement applying a single global market-based measure to international aviation emissions, the free allocations for these years are revised thus:

 

Aircraft Operator  Allocation for period 1st January 2013 to 31st December 2016: allocation per annum (pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 421/2014, intra-EEA scope) Allocation for period 1st January 2013 to 31st December 2016:
total allocation 
(pursuant to Regulation (EU) No 421/2014, intra-EEA scope)
Air Malta p.l.c.

177,402

709,608

Comlux Aviation Malta

 65

260

 

It should be noted that an additional free allocation may be obtained in respect of the period 2013-2020 from a special reserve for aircraft operators who start performing an aviation activity after 2010 or whose tonne-kilometre data increases by an average of more than 18% annually between 2010 and 2014.

Entitlements of international credits for the years 2008-2020

Article 11a of Directive 2003/87/EC, as implemented through Commission Regulation (EU) No 1123/2013, provides for the determination and publication of international credit entitlements for the period 2008-2020 for aircraft operators falling within the scope of the EU ETS. 

The following table presents the respective entitlements for the listed aircraft operators.  The indicated entitlements (fourth column) are subject to approval by the European Commission.  These values are based on the latest total reported verified emissions and represent the total quantity of international credits that may be used during the period 2008-2020 – as such, they will require updating on a year-by-year basis.  The values do not take into account how much of the entitlement has been used.

                             

                             

Aircraft Operator Name

Aircraft Operator Registry ID

Paragraph of Regulation 1123/2013 relevant to the aircraft operator concerned (1(1) – 1(5))

Initial Entitlement 2008-2020 (Phase 2 +

Phase 3)

Air Malta plc

200282

1.5

33803

Comlux (Malta) Ltd

201595

1.5

369

Vesting Participacoes

203398

1.5

1

 

Monitoring of tonne-km and annual emissions data

If you are an aircraft operator falling within scope of the EU ETS and intend to apply for free allowances (from the special reserve), you are required to have a tonne-kilometre data monitoring plan which is approved by the Competent Authority.

If you are an aircraft operator performing Annex I activities, it is then mandatory to have an approved monitoring plan for annual emissions.

As from 2013, the monitoring rules provided for in by Regulation (EU) 601/2012 on the monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC apply.

Please consult the competent authority regarding the templates for the submission of monitoring plans.

Guidance documents on monitoring and reporting:

Common EU guidance on monitoring and reporting may be found here.

Reporting of tonne-kilometre data and annual emissions

If you are an aircraft operator that intends to apply for free allowances, you will be required to submit a report containing tonne-kilometre data for the relevant monitoring year.  Please consult the competent authority regarding the template for the reporting of tonne-km data.

Directive 2003/87/EC provides for an obligation for aircraft operators falling within scope of the EU ETS to annually submit verified emissions reports – the deadline for submission of each (calendar) year’s report is 31 March of the following year.  Please consult the competent authority regarding the template for the reporting of annual emissions data.

Reports shall also be verified by a competent, independent, accredited verifier before being submitted to the Competent Authority.  Verification of reports and accreditation of verifiers is regulated by Regulation (EU) 600/2012 on the verification of greenhouse gas emission reports and tonne-kilometre reports and the accreditation of verifiers pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC. A verification report issued by the verifier must accompany the emissions report when this is submitted to the Competent Authority.  Please contact the competent authority regarding the verification report template to be used.

Entitlements of international credits for the years 2008-2020

Article 11a of Directive 2003/87/EC, as implemented through Commission Regulation (EU) No 1123/2013, provides for the determination and publication of international credit entitlements for the period 2008-2020 for aircraft operators falling within the scope of the EU ETS. 

The following table presents the respective entitlements for the listed aircraft operators.  The indicated entitlements (fourth column) are subject to approval by the European Commission.  These values are based on the latest total reported verified emissions and represent the total quantity of international credits that may be used during the period 2008-2020 – as such, they will require updating on a year-by-year basis.  The values do not take into account how much of the entitlement has been used.

                             

Aircraft Operator Name

Aircraft Operator Registry ID

Paragraph of Regulation 1123/2013 relevant to the aircraft operator concerned (1(1) – 1(5))

Initial Entitlement 2008-2020 (Phase 2 +

Phase 3)

Air Malta plc

200282

1.5

33803

Comlux (Malta) Ltd

201595

1.5

369

Vesting Participacoes

203398

1.5

1

 

Guidance documents on verification and accreditation:

MRA guidance note on verification

Common EU guidance on verification and accreditation may be found here.

Register of annual verified emission reports of aircraft operators administered by Malta:

Years 2010/2011

Aircraft Operator

2010

2011

Air Malta plc

295,041

272,188

Comlux Aviation (Malta) Ltd.

19,229

18,509

Turner Enterprises Inc.

69

169

Global Services LLC.

N/A

170

Period 1st January 2012 to 31st December 2012

Aircraft Operator

2012

Air Malta plc

225,354

Comlux Aviation (Malta) Ltd.

2,465

Vesting Participacoes LTda.

7

Accounting for emissions

For information on accounting of emissions and the registry system, please click here.

Contacting the competent authority:

For further information on matters relating to the EU ETS, you may contact MRA at: emissions_trading_scheme@mra.org.mt